Phenomenology and Anthropology of Religion Department
The Department specialises in theoretical reflection on the nature of religion, especially from a comparative and hermeneutic point of view, and on the state of religious studies as an academic discipline. Its staff's main focuses include the anthropology of religion treated as a synthesis of research achievements in religious studies, cultural and biological anthropology, sociobiology, memetics, neuropsychology, philosophy, and other academic disciplines. Staff research interests encompass a wide range of disciplines, including religious semiotics, mythology, archeoastronomy, gender studies, and Islamic studies.
Philosophy of Religion Department
The Philosophy of Religion Department focuses on the philosophical reflection on religion, in both a contemporary and a historical context. The main fields of interest of the department's staff are: historical relations between reason and faith, theories of God, secularisation theories, philosophical conceptions of myth, historic disputes over the limits of religious understanding, etc. The department also conducts research on the history of philosophy with a special focus on the dispute between science and religion and on ethical and bioethical issues. Selected issues from the area of philosophical anthropology are also studied.
History of Religion Department
The department specialises in the history and theory of religion and in the history of religious studies. Its staff are interested in almost all major religious traditions in the world, with special attention paid to the religions of the ancient world – those of the ancient Greeks, Romans, Etruscans, Germans, Slavs, Finno-Ugrians, Aztecs, Mayans, Incas, and Egyptians – and also to Judaism, Hungarian mythology, and the religions of Crimea.
Sociology of Religion Department
The department concentrates on the sociological analysis of religion. Its staff conducts research on the theoretical basis of the sociology of religion, according to classical, neoclassical and modern approaches, and empirical research on religion, with the use of qualitative data. The department's scope of interest includes both universal phenomena (e.g. a temple as a model of the universe, sacral calendars, cannibalism, death) and contemporary issues, including changes in religion and religious life in Poland and the world, relations between religion and modernity, secularisation, new religious movements, new spirituality, New Age, fundamentalism, contemporary religious rituals and multiculturalism.
Psychology of Religion Department
The Department carries out research and theoretical analysis pertaining to such issues as the cultural and clinical psychology of religion, psychology of spirituality, new religious movements, the role of religion in cultural adaptation of immigrants and refugees, the image of God, methodology of religious studies, psychology of atheism and doubt, dream studies and intercultural dialogue.
History of Christianity Department
The department staff study the history and culture of Christian Churches, from their beginnings to the present day, the history of religious ideas related to Christianity, and the Christian denominations in Poland.
History of Church-State Relations Department
The department studies the history of church-state connections in the context of mutual relations between religions and political ideas. This includes relations between Christianity and right-wing political movements.
Laboratory of Religious Denominations in Contemporary Poland
This unit, established in May 1995 following a resolution of the Jagiellonian University Senate, aims to collect information on religious communities in Poland. The unit's major focus has been on the officially registered new religious and parareligious movements, whose number started to grow rapidly from 1989, as well as on the non-registered movements and changes within the traditional religious communities. In contrast to other institutions keeping records of Churches and religious denominations in Poland, which are usually related to the government or to specific religious denominations, the unit uses academic research methods to describe and analyse the religious situation in contemporary Poland.